North Dakota State Seal

North Dakota

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Carry allowed with my North Dakota permit?
No
Yes
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
48k
Permits Issued
38
STATES HONORED
39
RECIPROCATING STATES
760k
STATE POPULATION
18
MINIMUM AGE TO CC
10
ATTORNEYS IN USCCA NETWORK
6.32%
PERMIT PERCENTAGE
5
YEARS PERMIT VALID
12
USCCA CERTIFIED INSTRUCTORS

Summary of North Dakota Gun Laws

North Dakota is a shall-issue state, although law enforcement has some discretion in issuing permits to anyone they have reason to believe is or has been a danger to self or others. Concealed carry permits are issued at the state level by the attorney general.

No permits, firearms registration or background checks are required to buy a handgun from a private individual. 

Open carry of handguns is legal with a concealed carry permit for adults that have been residents for at least one year. Non-permit holders may carry from one hour before sunrise until one hour after sunset, provided the firearm is unloaded and in plain sight. The minimum age is 18. Non-residents must have a valid concealed carry license from a state that North Dakota honors in order to open carry. Some areas are off-limits, including bars. 

North Dakota has constitutional concealed carry for adults that have been residents for at least one year and are not prohibited by state or federal law from possessing a firearm. They must carry their driver’s license or state ID and MUST inform law enforcement that they are in possession of the firearm upon any in-person contact by a law enforcement officer. Restrictions on places that a firearm may be possessed still apply.

Concealed carry is also legal for non-residents with permits from states that North Dakota recognizes. North Dakota issues “firearm and dangerous weapon licenses” for people who may wish to obtain them for the purposes of carrying in other states. Concealed carry permits require completion of a state-certified firearms training course. North Dakota issues permits to non-residents if they have a concealed carry permit from their home state, which must have reciprocity with North Dakota. The home state is determined by the driver’s license. Members of the military permanently stationed in North Dakota can also obtain permits. In terms of reciprocity, North Dakota will honor permits from states that have agreed to recognize North Dakota’s licenses.

North Dakota has a self-defense law based on the Castle Doctrine. If you are outside of your home or workplace and you or someone else is threatened with death or serious bodily injury, you cannot use deadly force if it can be avoided. If possible, there is a duty to retreat to safety.

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North Dakota Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does North Dakota allow constitutional carry?

Yes, North Dakota recognizes constitutional carry for residents only.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in North Dakota?

Yes, with a ND concealed weapon license or a permit from a state that ND recognizes. Any person to carry an unloaded handgun openly during the day.

[N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-03-01(1)(a)]

Gun Permit Licensure?

If North Dakota requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

North Dakota is a shall-issue state.

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in North Dakota to get a concealed carry permit?

You must be at least 18 years old to concealed carry in North Dakota.

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you concealed carry weapons other than handguns in North Dakota with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

Yes. Under North Dakota law, “dangerous weapon” includes any switchblade or gravity knife, machete, scimitar, stiletto, sword, dagger, or any knife with a blade 5 inches or longer.

Tasers or Stun Guns?

Is it legal to own a taser or stun gun in North Dakota?

Yes. Stun guns are exempt from the definition of “dangerous weapons" and are legal to purchase and possess without a permit. A Taser that only delivers a single application of voltage is not considered a dangerous weapon and may be carried without a concealed weapon license. However, if the Taser is capable of delivering multiple applications of voltage, you must have a concealed weapon license.

[ND Atty Genl Information page]

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does North Dakota issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes. The process is the same as for residents.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does North Dakota allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No, however the information is available to the courts.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in North Dakota?

Yes, for individuals who have been a resident for at least one year with a valid driver’s license or State ID. Non-residents must have a concealed carry permit that ND honors.

[AG Opinion 2017-L-07]

Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in North Dakota?

Yes, with a North Dakota firearm and dangerous weapon license or a permit from states that North Dakota recognizes.

[NDCC § 62.1-02-05.2.k]

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in North Dakota?

Yes, with a North Dakota firearm and dangerous weapon license or a permit from states that North Dakota recognizes.

[State Forest Guide]

[NDAC § 30-04-02-05

[NDCC § 62.1-02-05.2.i]

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in North Dakota?

Yes, with a North Dakota firearm and dangerous weapon license or a permit from states that North Dakota recognizes, unless posted and as long as an individual under 21 years of age is not prohibited in that part of the establishment.

[NDCC § 62.1-02-04 .2.f

Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does North Dakota have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

A public or private employer may not prohibit any customer, employee or invitee from possessing any legally owned firearm, if the firearm is lawfully possessed and locked inside or locked to a private motor vehicle in a parking lot and if the customer, employee or invitee is lawfully in the area. Some parking areas are prohibited including school property, correctional facilities and institutions and businesses involved with homeland security or national defense, among others.

[NDCC § 62.1-02-13]

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in North Dakota?

No, with a concealed carry permit.

Yes, if a ND resident constitutionally carrying without a permit.

[NDCC § 62.1-04-04]

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does North Dakota have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No. North Dakota imposes no limit on maximum handgun magazine capacity.

Ammunition Restrictions?

Does North Dakota have ammunition restrictions?

No. There are no restricted handgun ammo types in North Dakota.

"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in North Dakota? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No. North Dakota does not recognize "No Weapons Allowed" signs.

Preemption?

Does North Dakota have preemption laws related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes. The authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state.

[NDCC § 62.1-01-03]

Red Flag Law?

Does North Dakota have a red flag law?

No. North Dakota has no Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) legislation.

Carry while using alcohol or prescription medication?

Does North Dakota have laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication?

Although in the Game, Fish & Predators section of the ND Century Code, no person may be afield at any time, with a gun or other firearm while intoxicated or under the influence of alcoholic beverages or drugs.

[NDCC § 20.1-01-06]

As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.

Handgun Purchase & Possession

Purchase Permits?

Is a permit required to purchase a handgun in North Dakota?

No. A special permit is not required for buying a handgun in North Dakota.

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales?

Are background checks required for private gun sales in North Dakota?

No. It is recommended that you retain any sales receipts to prove ownership of the gun.

Waiting Period?

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a handgun in North Dakota?

No. North Dakota does not have a waiting period for handgun purchases.

Handgun Registration?

Do handguns need to be registered in North Dakota?

No. Handguns do not need to be registered in North Dakota.

Minimum Age to Possess and Transport?

What is the minimum age to possess and transport a handgun in North Dakota?

18 years old is the minimum age to possess and transport a handgun in North Dakota.

[NDCC § 62.1-02-01]

Carry While Hunting

Carry While Gun Hunting?

Can you concealed carry while shotgun/rifle hunting in North Dakota?

Yes.

Carry While Bow Hunting?

Can you concealed carry while bowhunting in North Dakota?

Yes, but only if you are going to fill your gun license. No firearms, except handguns, may be in the hunter’s possession while hunting with a deer bow license. However, handguns may not be used in any manner to assist in the harvest of a deer with an archery license.

[ND Game & Fish FAQ]

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State Constitutional Provision
All individuals . . . have certain inalienable rights, among which are . . . to keep and bear arms for the defense of their person, family, property and the state, and for lawful hunting, recreational and other lawful purposes, which shall not be infringed."
ARTICLE 1, § L

North Dakota Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does North Dakota honor?

North Dakota will honor valid concealed carry licenses/permits (resident and non-resident) issued by states that have agreed to recognize North Dakota’s licenses.


Other States' Reciprocity With North Dakota

Which states honor permits from North Dakota?

North Dakota residents can carry a concealed defensive firearm in the state of Oklahoma without any type of permit. You must carry your driver's license or state issued ID when carrying your firearm in Oklahoma.

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.


States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with North Dakota

Colorado (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Delaware (Class 1 permits only)
Florida (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Georgia (at least 21 years old)
Idaho (at least 21 years old)
Iowa (at least 21 years old)
Louisiana (at least 21 years old)
Michigan (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Minnesota (Class 1 permits only and at least 21 years old)
Nebraska (Class 1 permits only)
Nevada (at least 21 years old)
New Mexico (Class 1 permits only and at least 21 years old)
North Carolina (at least 21 years old)
Ohio (at least 21 years old)
Oklahoma (at least 21 years old)
Pennsylvania (Class 1 resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
South Carolina (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Tennessee (Class 1 permits only and at least 21 years old)
Texas (at least 21 years old)
Utah (at least 21 years old)
Virginia (Class 1 permits only)
Washington (Class 1 permits only)
Wisconsin (Class 1 permits only and at least 21 years old)
Wyoming (at least 21 years old)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kentucky (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (if at least 21 years old)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
South Dakota (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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North Dakota Concealed Carry Permit Information

Requirements:

An applicant must

  • Be at least age 18 for a Class 2 license; age 21 for a Class 1 license;
  • Be a United States citizen or legal permanent resident alien;
  • Legally be able to possess a firearm/dangerous weapon;
  • Be a resident of North Dakota for 1 year as evidenced by ND driver license or ND ID card; or on active military duty stationed in ND; or a resident of a state that has reciprocity with ND and who possesses a valid concealed weapon license in their home state; 
  • Have successfully completed the training requirements;
  • Not be prohibited by state or federal law from possessing a firearm;
  • Have no disqualifying offenses. A criminal background check is conducted by the Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) and the FBI on every new and renewal applicant. A license may not be issued to any individual who:
    • Has been convicted of a felony,
    • Has been convicted of a crime of violence,
    • Has been convicted of an offense involving the use of alcohol within the 10 years preceding the date of application,
    • Has been convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving the unlawful use of narcotics or other controlled substances within the 10 years preceding the date of application,
    • Has been convicted of an offense involving moral turpitude,
    • Has been convicted of an offense involving domestic violence, or
    • Has been adjudicated by a state or federal court as mentally incompetent, unless the adjudication has been withdrawn or reversed; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.
Fees:

Initial permits and renewals:  $60

Valid For:

5 years

Processing Time:

60 days

Application:
Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

North Dakota issues permits to residents of states which have reciprocity with North Dakota, provided the individual possesses a valid concealed carry permit from that state. However, all testing must take place within the state of ND and cannot be held in conjunction with testing for any other state. The application must be submitted to the BCI within 30 days of the testing date.

Name/Address Changes:

By law, you must notify the BCI of a change of address. Mail a letter with your full legal name, date of birth, old address and new address, and the effective date of the new address to:

BCI CWL – ADDRESS CHANGE
PO Box 1054
Bismarck, ND 58502
For security reasons, the BCI can only accept a change of address notification received by mail.

If you would like a replacement license with your new address, you must send in the old license with your address change letter. If you do not send in the old license, the BCI will not issue an updated license. You are not required to get an updated license - your license is still valid even if it has your old address. If you send in your license to have it updated, you cannot carry concealed until you receive the updated license. Please allow 2 - 3 weeks for the updated license to be issued.

Lost/Stolen Permits:

You may request a free replacement from the BCI. Simply send a written request to the BCI and include your full name, current address, date of birth and the reason you need a replacement license.


North Dakota Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a North Dakota Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Complete the required training in the state of ND.

Step 2:

Decide if you want a Class 1 or Class 2 license, download the application, complete it and print out a copy to mail in OR complete it at the testing site, if available.

Step 3:

Make an appointment with a test administrator and take a copy of the printed application to the testing appointment. All first-time applicants must pass a written, open-book test based on the Concealed Weapon License Manual.

Step 4:

Applicants for a Class 1 license will also need to complete classroom instruction, demonstrate familiarity with the weapon, and successfully complete a firearms proficiency shooting test.

Step 5:

Gather the following required documents and submit them to the Bureau of Criminal Inspection (BCI) within 30 days of the testing date:

  • Cashiers check or money order for $60;
  • Photocopy of a driver's license or state ID;
  • Two color passport photos; and
  • Two fingerprint cards (for new applicants)

Mail the completed application and all required documents to:

    BCI-CWL
    P.O. Box 1054
    Bismarck ND 58502

Step 6:

You will be notified by mail if your application has been approved.

The only difference between a Class 1 license and a Class 2 license is reciprocity.
Both licenses are equally valid within North Dakota, but because of additional testing requirements, the holders of a Class 1 license have reciprocity in many more states than those who hold a Class 2 license.

Note: An individual who has a valid Class 2 license may apply to upgrade to a Class 1 license within 5 years from the date the Class 2 license was issued, by completing the additional testing requirements of a Class 1 license and submitting an application form along with the $60 application fee and required documents.


Firearms Training Requirements in North Dakota

Applicants must successfully complete a testing procedure conducted by a certified test administrator. An applicant must be 21 years of age for a Class 1 license and at least 18 years of age for a Class 2 license. An applicant for a Class 1 license and Class 1 license renewal must:

  • Participate in classroom instruction that sets forth weapon safety rules and the deadly force law of North Dakota;
  • Complete an open-book test based upon a manual;
  • Demonstrate familiarity with a firearm or dangerous weapon, through certification by a certified instructor, participation in an organized shooting competition or dangerous weapon course of training, or possession of a license from another state, or evidence of weapons experience during military service; and
  • Complete an actual shooting or certified proficiency exercise.

An applicant for a Class 2 license is only required to successfully complete the open-book test offered for the Class 1 license.

All testing must take place within the state of North Dakota and cannot be held in conjunction with testing for any other state. 

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Find a Shooting Range in North Dakota


North Dakota Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a North Dakota Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

The BCI will send a renewal reminder to the last address we have on file. You may begin the renewal process up to 180 days prior to the license expiration date through the expiration date. A renewal application must be postmarked on or before the license expiration date. Late or incomplete applications cannot be processed. If your license has expired, it is not a valid license and cannot be renewed. You will have to start over as a new applicant. IF YOUR LICENSE HAS EXPIRED, DO NOT CARRY CONCEALED!

Step 2:

Review the requirements.

To renew a Class 1 license, you will need to complete the full testing process, just as you did for your initial license.

You can “downgrade” to a class 2 license and avoid having to retest by indicating on the application that you would like a class 2 license. You do not have to retest to renew a class 2 license.

To "upgrade" an expiring Class 2 license to a Class 1 license, you must complete the application process for a Class 1 license including the required testing, documents and fees.

Step 3:

Make an appointment with a test administrator and take a copy of the printed application to the testing appointment. All first-time applicants must pass a written, open-book test based on the Concealed Weapon License Manual.

Step 4:

Applicants for a Class 1 license will also need to complete classroom instruction, demonstrate familiarity with the weapon, and successfully complete a firearms proficiency shooting test.

Step 5:

Complete the Online Application or print a blank application to complete and submit to the BCI. Be aware that it takes the BCI longer to process these handwritten applications, which may result in a delay issuing your license. Therefore, the BCI encourages you to complete the Online Application if at all possible.

Step 6:

You will be notified by mail if your application has been approved.


Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

Only a North Dakota POST-approved certified weapons instructor may conduct a sidearm qualification course. RLEOs must contact an agency directly to locate a POST-approved firearms instructor who is willing to qualify the RLEO. North Dakota POST issues a letter to the individual once they have met the requirements of LEOSA (i.e., sidearm qualification standards) and they have provided the proper documentation to the ND POST Board office.

North Dakota Attorney General info


North Dakota Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in North Dakota?
  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes, as long as an individual under 21 years of age is not prohibited in that part of the establishment.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license? Yes, for residents with a valid driver’s license or State I.D. Non-residents must have a concealed carry permit that ND honors.
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? Yes.
  • Carry in state/national parks, state/national forests, and WMAs? Yes.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in North Dakota?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license


FAQ: North Dakota Concealed Carry Questions

What Are the Knife Laws in North Dakota?

Under North Dakota law, “dangerous weapons” include any switchblade or gravity knife, machete, scimitar, stiletto, sword, dagger or any knife with a blade 5 inches or longer. It is legal to open carry any type of knife and legal to conceal carry a knife with a concealed carry permit.


Related Information & Links for North Dakota Gun Laws


North Dakota Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details
2019-09-09

Added Carry While Hunting info to At A Glance table

2019-08-13

Added anchor links to various sections below the Summary

2019-07-26

Added minimum age to possess and transport a handgun to At A Glance table

2019-05-24

Added stun gun/Taser info to At A Glance table

2019-05-03

Added permit renewal and name/address change info

2019-04-19

Links checked

2019-03-29

Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)

2019-02-15

Added pages for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology

2019-02-09

Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table

2019-02-06

Added red flag law info to At A Glance table

2019-01-25

Added church info and statutory reference to location restrictions section

2019-01-25

Removed expired link

2019-01-24

Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication

2019-01-10

Mag limit added to At A Glance table

2018-12-13

Added preemption info to At A Glance table

2018-12-10

Clarified open carry info

2018-11-30

Added parking lot info to At A Glance table

2018-10-22

Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for ND

Did We Miss Something?

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Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, “Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018.” Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. Members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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