State Seal of /application/themes/uscca/images/state_seals/nj.png

New Jersey Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Updated: 05/02/2019
Carry allowed with my New Jersey permit?
Yes
Yes, With Restrictions
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
No

Summary of New Jersey Gun Laws

New Jersey is a may-issue state with concealed weapons permits issued at the local level by municipal police departments or NJ State Police. Therefore, law enforcement has discretion in determining whether or not to issue a concealed weapons permit to an applicant. Applicants must first obtain the approval of their local police chief, then must present his or her application to a superior court judge.

A permit to purchase a handgun and a background check conducted through a federally licensed firearms dealer are required to buy a handgun from a private individual. New Jersey residents must first obtain a Firearms Purchased Identification (FPID) card as well as a permit to purchase a handgun. Purchase by New Jersey residents must either be from a state-licensed dealer or a private individual who is a resident of NJ. In both dealer purchases and private sales, a copy of the purchase permit is sent to the New Jersey State Police Firearms Investigations Unit. A National Instant Criminal Background Check System check is only required for purchases from dealers at the point of sale. A Firearm Purchaser ID card (FID) is also required to purchase handgun ammunition from dealers in the state.

Open carry is illegal in New Jersey. Concealed carry is only legal with a New Jersey Permit to Carry a Handgun (PCH). NJ doesn’t recognize permits/licenses from any other states. PCH are rarely issued to the general populace as there must be a demonstrated urgent necessity based on a special danger to an applicant’s life. PCH are issued to residents and non-residents. A firearms training course is required for new applicants, who must be at least 21 years old. In terms of reciprocity, New Jersey does not honor permits from any other states.

New Jersey is a Castle Doctrine state. State statute N.J.S.A. § 2C:3-4 outlines the use of force in self-protection: “Use of force justifiable for protection of the person … when the actor reasonably believes that such force is immediately necessary for the purpose of protecting himself against the use of unlawful force by such other person on the present occasion.” In most cases in New Jersey, you are not obligated to retreat from your dwelling unless you started the conflict. The use of deadly or lethal force is never justifiable, “unless the actor reasonably believes that such force is necessary to protect himself against death or serious bodily harm.” There is a duty to retreat outside of one's dwelling.

1k
Permits Issued
8.9M
State Population
0.01%
Permit Percentage
0
States Honored
27
Reciprocating States
21
Minimum Age to CC

New Jersey Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does New Jersey allow constitutional carry?

No.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in New Jersey?

No.

Gun Permit Licensure?

If New Jersey requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

May Issue.

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in New Jersey to get a concealed carry permit?

21

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you conceal carry weapons other than handguns in New Jersey with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

No.

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does New Jersey issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes, with a demonstrated need. Out-of-state residents must apply to the New Jersey State Police station nearest to their geographic location using the same process as residents.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does New Jersey allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No, however the information is available for law enforcement.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in New Jersey?

Yes, with a NJ PCH with the appropriate stipulations only.

Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in New Jersey?

Yes.

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in New Jersey?

Yes, in state/national forests and WMAs.
No in state parks.

[NJ Admin. Code § 7:2-2.17(b)]
Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in New Jersey?

Yes, unless posted.

Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does New Jersey have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

Not addressed in New Jersey state law.

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in New Jersey?

No, it is not mentioned in state statutes.

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does New Jersey have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No more than 10 rounds.

In 2018, the Third Circuit held that New Jersey could redefine “large capacity ammunition magazine” as a box, drum, tube or other container which is capable of holding more than 10 rounds of ammunition to be fed continuously and directly into a semi-automatic firearm. There are exemptions for authorized military, law enforcement and for fireaerms that have been registered by persons that participate in competitive shooting matches sanctioned by the Director of Civilian Marksmanship of the United States Department of the Army.

[N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-1(y)]
Ammunition Restrictions?

Does New Jersey have ammunition restrictions?

Yes. Hollow-point and armor-piercing ammunition is prohibited. You must have a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card, a permit to purchase a handgun or a carry permit in order to buy handgun ammunition. The minimum age to purchase or possess handgun ammuntion is 21 years old. There are exceptions for keeping this ammunition at a person's dwelling or land owned or possessed by the person, or from carrying such ammunition from the place of purchase to said dwelling or land.  There are also exemptions for:

  • A member of a rifle or pistol club organized under rules of the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and which filed its charter with the State Police;
  • A person engaged in hunting or target practice with a firearm legal for hunting in this State;
  • A person going directly to a target range; and
  • A person going directly to an authorized place for "practice, match, target, trap or skeet shooting exhibitions.

The New Jersey State Police has an informative webpage on Transportation and Use of Hollow Point Ammunition by Sportsmen.

[N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-3]
"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in New Jersey? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No. Not mentioned in state statutes.

Preemption?

Does New Jersey have [preemption laws](https://www.usconcealedcarry.com/resources/terminology/firearms-and-ammunition/preemption) related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Red Flag Law?

Does New Jersey have a red flag law?

Yes, effective Sept. 1, 2019. A family or household member of a person, or law enforcement, may file a petition for an extreme risk protection order, prohibiting a person from having custody or control of, owning, possessing, purchasing or receiving a firearm. 

[N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-21]

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION
All persons are by nature free and independent, and have certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and of pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. -Article 1, Section 1"
New Jersey has no State Constitutional right to keep and bear arms.

New Jersey Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does New Jersey honor?

New Jersey does not honor permits from any other states.


Other States' Reciprocity With New Jersey

Which states honor permits from New Jersey?

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.


States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with New Jersey

Which states honor permits from New Jersey with restrictions?

Michigan (resident permits only)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (if at least 21 years old)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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New Jersey Concealed Carry Permit Information

Requirements:

An applicant must:

  • Be at least 21 years old;
  • Be a person of good character;
  • Have demonstrated he or she is familiar with the safe handling and use of handguns;
  • Not be subject to any of the disabilities set forth under state law to obtain a permit to purchase a handgun or a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card;
  • Have demonstrated a justifiable need to carry a handgun;
  • Have references from 3 persons who have known applicant for a minimum of 3 years; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.
Fees:

Initial Permit and Renewals  $50

Valid For:

2 years

Processing Time:

60 days

Application:

Link to application
Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

Out-of-state residents must apply to the New Jersey State Police station nearest to their geographic location using the same process as residents.

Name/Address Changes:

Contact your local municipal police department or closest NJ State Police Office for their process.

Lost/Stolen Permits:

Contact your local municipal police department or closest NJ State Police Office for their process.


New Jersey Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a New Jersey Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Complete your firearm training course.

Step 2:

Download the application.

Step 3:

Obtain three references (must have known the applicant for a minimum of 3 years).

Step 4:

Complete the application form in triplicate and have all three notarized.

Step 5:

Have four passport-style photographs taken.

Step 6:

Take the notarized applications to your local state police station along with the following:

  • Four color passport-sized photographs;
  • Completed Consent For Mental Health Search form;
  • A written justifiable reason for the issuance of a permit to carry a handgun; and
  • Firearms training certificate.

Pay the fee.
Your fingerprints will be taken.

Step 7:

You will be notified within 60 days by mail if your application has been approved or denied.

Step 8:

If the application has been approved by the chief police officer or the superintendent, you must present it to the Superior Court of your county, (or to the Superior Court in any county where you intend to carry a handgun, in the case of a nonresident or employee of an armored car company). The court shall issue the permit to the applicant if, but only if, it is satisfied that the applicant is a person of good character who is not subject to any of the disabilities set forth in section 2C:58-3c.  

Pay the fee.


Firearms Training Requirements in New Jersey

New Jersey requires that applicants for a permit to carry a handgun demonstrate a “thorough familiarity” with the safe handling and use of handguns, as evidenced by:

Find A USCCA class near you


New Jersey Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a New Jersey Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Permits may be renewed every 2 years in the same manner and subject to the same conditions as in the case of original applications.

Step 2:

Complete your firearm training course.

Step 3:

Download the application.

Step 4:

Obtain three references (must have known the applicant for a minimum of 3 years).

Step 5:

Complete the application form in triplicate and have all three notarized.

Step 6:

Have four passport-style photographs taken.

Step 7:

Take the notarized applications to your local state police station along with the following:

  • Four color passport-sized photographs;
  • Completed Consent For Mental Health Search form;
  • A written justifiable reason for the issuance of a permit to carry a handgun; and
  • Firearms training certificate.

Pay the fee.
Your fingerprints will be taken.

Step 8:

You will be notified within 60 days by mail if your application has been approved or denied.

Step 9:

If the application has been approved by the chief police officer or the superintendent, you must present it to the Superior Court of your county, (or to the Superior Court in any county where you intend to carry a handgun, in the case of a nonresident or employee of an armored car company). The court shall issue the permit to the applicant if, but only if, it is satisfied that the applicant is a person of good character who is not subject to any of the disabilities set forth in section 2C:58-3c.  

Pay the fee.


Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

New Jersey has its own law equivalent to LEOSA with firearms qualification twice a year. The Superintendent of the New Jersey State Police (NJSP) has been given statutory responsibility for administering the provisions of N.J.Stat. Ann. 2C § 39-6.L.

NJSP RLEO Initial Application Instructions (includes links to forms)
NJSP RLEO Renewal Application Instructions (includes links to forms)
New Jersey Shooting Ranges - RLEO

______________________________

NJ Atty Genl letter on 10/12/18 states,

4. Can retirees carry hollow-point bullets, and does LEOSA provide any additional authority outside of New Jersey law to carry hollow-point bullets?

No, New Jersey RLEOs cannot carry hollow-point bullets. N.J.S.A. 2C:39-3(f) states that, with very few exceptions (none of which apply to an RLEO), only active law enforcement officers are authorized to carry hollow-point bullets. LEOSA does not provide any additional authority for an RLEO residing in New Jersey to carry hollow-point bullets because it is impermissible under state law.

5. Generally, what ammunition is acceptable?

RLEOs can generally use any type of commercially available ammunition, so long as it is not hollow-point. Pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:39-17 (effective June 13, 2018), an RLEO may possess and carry a large-capacity magazine which is capable of holding up to 15 rounds of ammunition that can be fed continuously and directly into a semiautomatic handgun. However, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:39-20 (effective August 12, 2018), any RLEO who carries a high-capacity magazine capable of holding up to 15 rounds must separately register the firearm with the New Jersey State Police.

7. Does a retired law enforcement officer have to qualify with each firearm he or she intends to carry?

Yes, if an RLEO wants to carry different firearms, he or she must qualify with each firearm pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:39-6(L), which provides that the retired LEO qualify twice a year “in the use of the handgun he is permitted to carry.”

a. Is it acceptable to carry a similar type of firearm as the one the RLEO used to qualify?

No. RLEOs must qualify with each firearm he or she wishes to carry pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:39-6(L). The model and serial number of each firearm must be set forth on the RPO Firearms Record pursuant to the Attorney General’s Guidelines on Semi-Annual Firearms Qualification and Requalification Standards for New Jersey Law Enforcement (Definition of “Firearms Record”). ”


New Jersey Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in New Jersey?

  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license? No. 
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? Yes.
  • Carry in WMAs and state/national forests? Yes. [NJ Admin. Code § 7:2-2.17(b)]
  • Carry at my place of business? Yes.
  • Carry in my residence and on land that I own? Yes.
  • Carry in places of worship? There is no State statute prohibiting concealed carry in places of worship. However, since places of worship are private property, they may post signs prohibiting firearms.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in New Jersey?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license

  • Schools, colleges, universities or other educational institutions;
  • Casinos;
  • State parks; 
  • Statue Cruises ferry to Ellis Island & Liberty Island, and the Statue of Liberty Natl Monument; and
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law or state law or regulation.

FAQ: New Jersey Concealed Carry Questions

Do firearms need to be registered in New Jersey?

Firearm registration is voluntary, but since handgun purchase permit records are maintained by the NJ State Police Firearms Investigation Unit, there is de facto mandatory handgun registration for handguns purchased in-state.

Is a permit required to purchase a firearm in New Jersey?

A lifetime purchaser identification card is required for purchase of rifles and shotguns, as well as for purchases of handgun ammunition. A permit to purchase a handgun, valid for 90 days is required for each handgun purchase. Only one handgun can be purchased within a 30-day period.

Are background checks required for private gun sales in New Jersey?

Yes.

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a firearm in New Jersey?

A valid permit to purchase a handgun is required and at least 7 days must elapse since the date of application for the permit. The waiting period to obtain the permit itself can be as long as 30 days (45 days for non-residents) while the permit application is processed.

What are the knife laws in New Jersey?

Any legal knife can be carried openly or concealed. It is illegal to own a gravity knife, switchblade, dirk, dagger, stiletto or other dangerous knife for any unlawful purpose; or any weapon, with the purpose to use it unlawfully against the person or property of another. Persons convicted of certain crimes and the mentally ill are not allowed to own the above-referenced knives.

What are the laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication in NJ?

Not addressed in state statutes.
As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.


Related Information & Links for New Jersey Gun Laws


New Jersey Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details
05/02/2019

Added permit renewal and name/address change info

04/19/2019

Links checked

04/08/2019

Added Statue of Liberty to Where Can't I Carry section

03/29/2019

Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)

02/15/2019

Added pages for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology

02/09/2019

Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table

02/07/2019

Added red flag law info to At A Glance table

01/25/2019

Added church info to location restrictions section

01/24/2019

Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication

01/10/2019

Mag limit added to At A Glance table

12/28/2018

Revised At A Glance table preemption info and reference based on member's comment (thanks!)

12/13/2018

Added preemption info to At A Glance table

11/30/2018

Added parking lot info to At A Glance table

11/27/2018

Added links

10/22/2018

Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for New Jersey


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Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, "Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018.” Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. Members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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