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Michigan Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Updated: 05/24/2019
Carry allowed with my Michigan permit?
Yes
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
No

Summary of Michigan Gun Laws

Michigan is a shall-issue state. Licenses are issued at the local level by county clerks.

A permit to purchase, a background check and firearms registration are required to buy a handgun from a private individual. A license to purchase is not required if purchasing a handgun from a federal firearms dealer. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns, though non-residents are allowed to purchase long guns. 

Open carry is legal in Michigan with several restrictions. The minimum age is 18 years old. Residents can open carry without a permit if the gun is registered in their name. Non-residents must have a valid concealed carry license from their home state in order to conceal or open carry. Open carry is allowed in more places than concealed carry as the restricted areas referenced in Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.425o apply to concealed carry.

Concealed carry is legal with a Michigan Concealed Pistol License (CPL) and for individuals who have CCW licenses/permits issued by their home state.  CPLs require successful completion of a firearms training course that has been state approved with at least eight hours of instruction, including three hours of range time. CPLs are issued to residents only, with exceptions for active duty military stationed in Michigan as well as active duty military stationed outside of Michigan, if Michigan is the applicant's home of record. Some areas are off-limits, including schools and hospitals. In terms of reciprocity, Michigan recognizes resident permits from all states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

Michigan is a Castle Doctrine state and has a "stand your ground" law. A person may use deadly force, with no duty to retreat, if the individual has an honest and reasonable belief that such force is necessary to prevent the imminent death, great bodily harm or sexual assault to that person or to another individual. Any person who uses a gun legitimately in self-defense has immunity from civil liability. 

629k
Permits Issued
10M
State Population
6.29%
Permit Percentage
50
States Honored
39
Reciprocating States.
21
Minimum Age to CC

Michigan Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does Michigan allow constitutional carry?

No.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in Michigan?

Yes, without a permit for residents. Non-residents must have a permit from their home state. Open carry is allowed in more places than concealed carry as the restricted areas referenced in Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.425o apply to concealed carry and not to open carry.

Gun Permit Licensure?

If Michigan requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

Shall Issue.

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in Michigan to get a concealed carry permit?

21

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you conceal carry weapons other than handguns in Michigan with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

No.

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does Michigan issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes, only to active-duty military. Also, if a new Michigan resident has a current concealed carry license from another state, Michigan will accept that and waive the 6-month residency requirement.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does Michigan allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No, however the information is available for law enforcement.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in Michigan?

Yes, handguns only may be carried with a valid concealed pistol license. Without a permit, handguns must be unloaded and either enclosed in a case, inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle or carried in the trunk. [Mich. Penal Code § 750.227d

Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in Michigan?

Yes.

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in Michigan?

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in Michigan?

Yes, but not if  posted and provided you’re not under the influence (blood alcohol level >0.02). [Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.425k]

[Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.42o(d)]
Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does Michigan have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

Not addressed in Michigan state law.

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in Michigan?

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does Michigan have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No.

Ammunition Restrictions?

Does Michigan have ammunition restrictions?

Yes. Armor-piercing ammunition is prohibited.

"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in Michigan? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No.

Preemption?

Does Michigan have preemption laws related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes.  The authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state, except local municipalities may:

  • Prohibit the discharge of firearms or pneumatic guns (with some restrictions on the latter prohibition) within the jurisdiction of a city or charter township;
  • Prohibit or regulate conduct with a firearm or pneumatic gun that is a criminal offense under state law; and
  • Prohibit or regulate the transportation, carrying, or possession of firearms or pneumatic guns by employees of a local unit of government in the course of their employment with that local unit of government.

[Mich. Comp. Laws §§ 123.1102-1104]

Red Flag Law?

Does Michigan have a red flag law?

No.

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Tasers or Stun Guns?

Is it legal to own a taser or stun gun in Michigan?

Yes. A concealed carry permit is required to purchase or possess a stun gun or Taser . Permittees may have and use a stun gun or Taser in a reasonable way, as long as:

  • you have a valid Michigan license to carry a concealed pistol;

  • you've received training in the use and risks of the Taser; and

  • the device has an identification and tracking system that allows it to be traced to the buyer (presumably through the darts) when it’s first used.

It’s illegal to use a Taser except under circumstances that justify the legal use of physical force, including to defend yourself or someone else from an attack or sexual assault. [MPC 750.224a]


STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION
Every person has a right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state."
Article 1, Section 6

Michigan Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does Michigan honor?

Alabama (at least 21 years old)
Arizona (resident permits only)
Arkansas (resident permits only)
California (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Colorado (resident permits only)
Connecticut (resident permits only)
Delaware (resident permits only and least 21 years old)
District of Columbia (resident permits only)
Florida (resident permits only and handguns only)
Idaho (resident permits only)
Illinois (resident permits only)
Indiana (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Iowa (resident permits only)
Kansas (resident permits only)
Kentucky (resident permits only)
Louisiana (resident permits only)
Maine (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Maryland (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Massachusetts (resident permits only)
Minnesota (resident permits only)
Mississippi (resident permits only)
Missouri (resident permits only and least 21 years old)
Montana (at least 21 years old)
Nebraska (resident permits only)
Nevada (resident permits only)
New Hampshire (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
New Jersey (resident permits only)
New Mexico (resident permits only and least 21 years old)
New York (resident permits only)
New York City (resident permits only)
North Carolina (resident permits only)
North Dakota (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Ohio (resident permits only)
Oklahoma (resident permits only)
Oregon (resident permits only)
Pennsylvania (resident permits only)
Rhode Island (resident permits only)
South Carolina (resident permits only)
South Dakota (resident permits only and least 21 years old)
Tennessee (resident permits only)
Texas (resident permits only)
Utah (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Virginia (resident permits only)
Washington (resident permits only)
West Virginia (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
Wisconsin (resident permits only)

Michigan recognizes resident permits from all states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. The minimum age is 21 years old.

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Other States' Reciprocity With Michigan

Which states honor permits from Michigan?

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.
 


States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with Michigan

Which states honor permits from Michigan with restrictions?

Colorado (resident permits only)
Florida (resident permits only)
Pennsylvania (resident permits only)
South Carolina (resident permits only)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (permit recognized; see Maine Reciprocity section for details)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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Michigan Concealed Carry Permit Information

Requirements:

An applicant must:

  • Be at least 21 years of age;
  • Have completed an approved pistol training class; 
  • Be a legal resident of the State of Michigan for at least 6 months;
  • Have a valid State ID;
  • Be a citizen of the U.S. or a lawfully admitted alien;
  • Not have been convicted of a felony or have felony charges pending;
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following:
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment,
    • Legal incapacitation,
    • Personal protection order,
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm, or
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity;
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving or distributing a firearm under Michigan law;
  • Not have been dishonorably discharged from the United States Armed Forces;
  • Not have been convicted of one of the following misdemeanors in the 8 years immediately preceding the date of application: Failing to stop when involved in a personal injury accident; operating while intoxicated, second offense [MCL 257.625(9)(b)]; drunk driving, commercial vehicle [MCL 257.625m(4)]; or reckless driving [MCL 257.626];
  • Not have been convicted of one of the following misdemeanors in the three years immediately preceding the date of application: Operating under the influence [MCL 257.625], embezzlement [MCL 750.174], larceny [MCL 750.365], malicious destruction of stolen property [MCL 750.377a], second-degree retail fraud [MCL 750.356d];
  • Not have been found guilty of any crime and not have offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by any reason of insanity;
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness;
  • Not be detrimental to the safety of his or her self or any other person; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.
Fees:

Initial  $100

Renewals  $115

Valid For:

Approximately 5 years (on birthdate between 4 and 5 years from original issue)

Processing Time:

45 days

Application:

Link to application
Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

Michigan does not grant non-resident permits. However, if a new Michigan resident has a current concealed carry license from another state, Michigan will accept that and waive the 6-month residency requirement.

Name/Address Changes:

Complete the online form to order a Michigan CPL application assistance packet. Assistance packets include detailed instructions for address/name changes and more.

Lost/Stolen Permits:

If your CPL is stolen, report that to your local police department. You may obtain a replacement license from the clerk's office for $10. Bring your government-issued picture ID (driver’s license, etc.) and the fee along with a copy of the police report, and a new permit will be re-issued to you. You may also complete the online form to order a Michigan CPL application assistance packet. Assistance packets include detailed instructions for replacements and more.


Michigan Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a Michigan Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Complete your firearm training course.

Step 2:

Download the application or pick up from the county clerk's office.

Step 3:

Go to the county clerk's office of the county in which you reside and sign the application under oath. Include the following documents:

  • Training certificate and
  • A passport-quality photograph.

Pay the fee. The county clerk will provide a receipt for payment of fees.

Step 4:

Have classifiable fingerprints taken by the county clerk, state police, sheriff’s office, local police agency or other entity that provides fingerprinting services. Provide the Pistol application receipt to the provider.

Step 5:

The county clerk shall issue a license or notice of statutory disqualification within 45 days after the date the applicant has classifiable fingerprints taken.


Firearms Training Requirements in Michigan

The instructor for the pistol safety training course must be certified by the state of Michigan or a national organization. Therefore, instructors will need to be certified by the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES). The training must include the following:

Find A USCCA class near you


Michigan Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a Michigan Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

An application to renew a CPL may be submitted not more than six months before, nor one year after, the expiration of the current CPL. CPL holders will be notified that their license is approaching expiration by their county clerk three to six months prior to the expiration of their current license.  CPLs can be renewed in person at the county clerk's office, via U.S. Mail or online.

Online - Those eligible to submit their CPL renewal application online will receive a renewal notice through the U.S. mail from the county clerk that issued their CPL containing a PIN. CPL holders who receive renewal notices not containing a PIN are not eligible to renew online.  However, you may submit a completed CPL renewal application, with payment, to the MSP CPL Unit, P.O. Box 30634, Lansing, Michigan 48909,  or renew in person at their county clerk’s office.

Step 2:

Download the CPL renewal application or if you received a renewal notice from the county clerk that issued their CPL containing a PIN, you may proceed to the online renewal page to submit your renewal application.  

Step 3:

For those not renewing online, you may renew in person at their county clerk’s office or via the U.S. Mail at the address below. Once you submit a completed CPL renewal application and pay the renewal fees, you will be issued a receipt. If an individual applies for a renewal license prior to the expiration of his or her license, the expiration date of the current license is extended until the renewal license or notice of statutory disqualification is issued. A person carrying a concealed pistol after the expiration of his or her license pursuant to such an extension shall keep the receipt issued by the county clerk and his or her expired license in his or her possession at all times he or she is carrying the pistol. The receipt, when carried with the expired license, shall serve as a valid CPL until the new license or notice of statutory disqualification is received. 

MSP CPL Unit 
P.O. Box 30634 
Lansing, Michigan 48909

Step 4:

The applicant shall sign the statement on the application certifying that he or she has completed at least three hours of review of the required training and has had at least one hour of firing range time in the six months immediately preceding the renewal application.

Step 5:

The issuing authority shall issue a license or notice of statutory disqualification.


Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

Mich. Comp. Laws §§ 28.511 through 28.527, known as the Michigan retired law enforcement officer's firearm carry act, establishes that the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) administers the state LEOSA program. The MCOLES website has Information on LEOSA certification with links to application information and forms, frequently asked questions, a comparison chart regarding carrying under a LEOSA certification vs a Michigan CPL and training centers and dates. 


Michigan Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Michigan?

  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes, unless posted and provided you're not under the influence.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license?  No.
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? Yes.
  • Carry in state/national parks, state/national forests, and WMAs? Yes.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Michigan?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license

  • A “weapon free school zone,” defined to include any public or private, K-12 school, as well as in vehicles used by a school to transport students to or from school property (although a parent or legal guardian of a student of the school may carry a concealed pistol while in a vehicle on school property, if he or she is dropping the student off at the school or picking the student up from the school);
  • A public or private child care center or day care center, public or private child-caring institution or public or private child-placing agency;
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college or university;
  • A sports arena or stadium;
  • A bar or tavern where the primary source of income of the business is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass and consumed on the premises;
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple or other place of worship, unless the presiding official permits the carrying of concealed pistols on that property or facility;
  • An entertainment facility with a seating capacity of 2,500 or more individuals;
  • A hospital;
  • Secured areas od commercial airports;
  • A casino;
  • Any courtroom, office or other space used for official court business or by judicial employees, unless the chief judge or other person designated by the chief judge has given prior approval consistent with the court's written policy [Administrative Order 2001-1 of the Michigan Supreme Court]; and
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.425o(1). 


FAQ: Michigan Concealed Carry Questions

Do firearms need to be registered in Michigan?

Some handgun sales require registration with local law enforcement. There are several exceptions including, but not limited to, police and U.S. citizens holding a concealed carry permit from another state.

Is a permit required to purchase a gun in Michigan?

Only Michigan residents may purchase pistols in Michigan. No purchase permit is required for purchases from a Class 1 FFL Dealer. The buyer must be at least 18 years of age, a resident of Michigan, possess a clean criminal background, be mentally stable and score at least a 70 percent on a safety exam. Within 10 days of delivery, the firearm (unloaded) and gun license must be brought to the local police authorities so a safety inspection certificate can be drawn up. Copies of the gun license will be recorded and held by the authorities for up to 6 years. Non-Michigan concealed carry permit holders must obtain a permit for purchase from a private seller. Michigan CPL holders do not need a permit, but they must complete a pistol sales record for submission to the Michigan State Police.

Are background checks required for private gun sales in Michigan?

Yes. A person acquiring a handgun must have either a handgun purchase license or a license to carry a concealed handgun. A background check is required to obtain either of these licenses.

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a firearm in Michigan?

No.

What are the knife laws in Michigan?

A person shall not carry a dagger, dirk, stiletto, a double-edged non-folding stabbing instrument of any length or any other dangerous weapon, except a hunting knife adapted and carried as such, concealed on or about his or her person; nor concealed or otherwise in any vehicle operated or occupied by the person, except in his or her dwelling house, place of business or on other land possessed by the person [Mich. Penal Code § 750.227]. These knives can thusly be carried openly, but cannot be carried in a vehicle. They must be placed in a secure area which cannot be accessed by anyone in the vehicle.

What are the laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication in MI?

Not while under the influence, per Mich. Comp. Laws § 28.425k.
As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.


Related Information & Links for Michigan Gun Laws


Michigan Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details
05/24/2019

Added stun gun/Taser info to At A Glance table

05/21/2019

Added info in Genl section and At A Glance table about open carry

05/01/2019

Added permit renewal and name/address change info

04/18/2019

Links checked

03/28/2019

Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)

03/04/2019

Clarified handguns only can be carried in vehicles in At A Glance table

02/20/2019

Added info to vehicle carry in At A Glance table

02/15/2019

Added pages for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology

02/09/2019

Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table

02/06/2019

Added red flag law info to At A Glance table

01/25/2019

Links checked

01/24/2019

Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication

01/22/2019

Added church info and statutory reference to location restrictions section

01/10/2019

Mag limit added to At A Glance table

12/13/2018

Added preemption info to At A Glance table

11/30/2018

Added parking lot info to At A Glance table

11/26/2018

Added links

10/23/2018

Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for Michigan


Did We Miss Something?

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Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, "Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018.” Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. Members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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