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New York

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Carry allowed with my New York permit?
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
Permits Issued

Summary of New York Gun Laws

New York is a may-issue state with concealed weapons permits issued at the local level by the county sheriff or court system. Local law enforcement has discretion in determining whether or not to issue a concealed weapons permit to an applicant.

A permit to purchase, a background check and firearms registration are required to buy a handgun from a private individual in New York. Private sales must be processed by a licensed firearms dealer. It is illegal to possess an unregistered handgun. 

New York prohibits the possession of a “loaded” handgun outside of the home or place of business without a permit. While no law specifically bans open carry, a pistol license to carry is issued to carry concealed. 

Concealed carry is only legal with a New York Pistol License (NYPL). The minimum age is 21, with the exception of honorably discharged members of the military, who can be any age. NY doesn’t recognize permits/licenses from any other states and only residents, part-time residents or anyone who is principally employed or has his or her principal place of business can obtain NYPLs. The one exception are pistol licenses from New York City, which are valid statewide. In addition, a NYPL is not valid in the five counties that make up New York City. No handguns can be taken into the city unless New York City has validated your license. No training is required to obtain a NYPL, except for residents of Westchester county. Some areas are off-limits, including schools and courthouses. There are several types of NYPLs available, but the most commonly issued are the concealed carry and possess on premises licenses. Both licenses can be endorsed with restrictions such as only to be carried during hunting or traveling to or from target practice. In terms of reciprocity, New York does not honor permits from any other states.

New York has a self-defense law based on the Castle Doctrine. In NY, a citizen has the duty to retreat from attackers if they feel they can safely do so. Within their home, the Castle Doctrine authorizes deadly force as long as the resident is not the instigator of the confrontation. With respect to victims inside their home, New York’s Castle Doctrine states: “A person in possession or control of, or licensed or privileged to be in, a dwelling or an occupied building, who reasonably believes that another person is committing or attempting to commit a burglary of such dwelling or building, may use deadly physical force upon such other person when he or she reasonably believes such to be necessary to prevent or terminate the commission or attempted commission of such burglary.”

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New York Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does New York allow constitutional carry?

No. New York does not recognize constitutional carry.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in New York?

Although open carry is not directly mentioned, New York State prohibits any state resident without a NY Pistol License, over the age of 21, from possessing a handgun without a valid license.

Gun Permit Licensure?

If New York requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

New York is a may-issue state.

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in New York to get a concealed carry permit?

You must be 21 to concealed carry in New York.

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you concealed carry weapons other than handguns in New York with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

No. A New York permit does not allow carriers to conceal weapons other than handguns,

Tasers or Stun Guns?

Is it legal to own a taser or stun gun in New York?

Yes. Based on a U.S. District Court ruling, stun guns and Tasers are legal to purchase and possess without a permit as of 4/2019.

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does New York issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes for part-time NY State residents or anyone who is principally employed or has his or her principal place of business in the state.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does New York allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

Yes, although gun owners may request that their application information be exempt from public disclosure. However, local and state law enforcement shall have access to such database in the performance of their duties.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in New York?

Yes, with a NYPL only. It is illegal to possess a loaded firearm in any motor vehicle without a valid NYPL. It is legal to transport a legal firearm through New York under Federal interstate transportation law 18 USC § 926A provided the handgun is unloaded, with neither the firearm nor any ammunition readily accessible from the passenger compartment. In the case of a vehicle without a compartment separate from the driver’s compartment, the firearm or ammunition shall be contained in a locked container other than the glove compartment or console. If you don't have a NYPL and happen to stop at a motel overnight, then you are in violation of the law and subject to arrest if found with a firearm.

[N.Y. Penal Law § 400.00(6)(b)]

Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in New York?

No. Concealed carry is not allowed at roadside rest areas in New York state.

[17 CRR-NY IV C 156.12]

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in New York?

No. You may not carry concealed weapons in these areas.

[Section 190(p)(1) Dept. Lands]

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in New York?

Yes, with a NYPL, in the restaurant area only, unless posted.

Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does New York have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

Not addressed in New York state law.

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in New York?

No. New York state provides no requirement to inform law enforcement that you are carrying concealed unless the officer specifically asks.

[NY Pen. Law § 400.00(8)

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does New York have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No more than 7 to 10 rounds. It's complicated, with U.S. District Judge William M. Skretny in Erie County & the 2nd Circuit of the United States Court of Appeals rulings striking down the component that had made it illegal for individuals to load more than 7 rounds of ammunition into a magazine capable of holding 10 rounds. However, the law hasn't been changed.

New York prohibits the manufacture, transportation, disposal and possession of any large capacity ammunition feeding device, which New York law defines as a magazine, belt, drum, feed strip or similar device that:

  • Has a capacity of, or that can be readily restored or converted to accept more than 10 rounds of ammunition;
  • Contains more than 7 rounds of ammunition; or
  • Is obtained after January 15, 2013 and has a capacity of, or can be readily restored or converted to accept more than 7 rounds of ammunition.

There are exceptions for attached tubular devices designed to accept, and capable of operating only with, .22 caliber rimfire ammunition or a feeding device that is a curio or relic. There are also grandfather provisions for devices that have the capacity of, or that can be converted to accept, 8-10 rounds, so long as they were lawfully possessed prior to January 15, 2013, and do not actually contain more than seven rounds of ammunition.

[NY Pen. Code § 265.00(23)]

[NY Pen. Code § 265.02(8)]

Ammunition Restrictions?

Does New York have ammunition restrictions?

Yes. Armor-piercing ammunition and any bullets containing an explosive substance designed to explode or detonate upon impact are prohibited. An ammunition seller or firearms dealer may not transfer any ammunition to anyone other than a licensed dealer unless he or she conducts a check against records maintained in the state’s electronic database and receives a number identifying the transaction and signifying that the transferee is not prohibited by state or federal law from possessing the firearm or ammunition. The ammunition seller or gun dealer must also check a valid driver’s license or other photo identification of the prospective purchaser prior to transfer.

"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in New York? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No. Not mentioned in state statutes.


Does New York have preemption laws related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes. There is partial preemption primarily for handgun licensing. New York laws confer power upon local governments to adopt laws that relate to, among other things, the “protection, order, conduct, safety, health and well-being of persons or property.” However, local laws may not conflict with the state constitution or general laws. Some counties, New York City, Albany, Rochester and Buffalo have enacted magazine limits and more restrictive gun laws for long guns.

[NY Pen. Law § 400.00(6)]

Red Flag Law?

Does New York have a red flag law?

An Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) law went into effect on August 24, 2019. It  allows police, district attorneys, family or household members, and school administrators or their designees to petition a court to have an order of protection issued to a person to remove their firearms, suspend any firearm license, and prevent them from purchasing, possessing or attempting to purchase or possess a firearm, rifle or shotgun.

Carry while using alcohol or prescription medication?

Does New York have laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication?

Not addressed in state statutes.

As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.

Handgun Purchase & Possession

Purchase Permits?

Is a permit required to purchase a handgun in New York?

Yes, for handguns. No for long guns.

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales?

Are background checks required for private gun sales in New York?

Yes. For firearms transfers between private parties, a licensed dealer must conduct a background check, provide documentation of the check to the New York State Police and keep a record of the transaction.

Waiting Period?

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a handgun in New York?

Although there is no specific waiting period prior to the purchase of a firearm in New York, all handgun purchasers must obtain a NYPL, and such licenses may take up to 6 months to process. In addition, Bill A02690 took effect on September 12, 2019  requiring that firearm sales be suspended for a maximum of 30 days in those cases where the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) issues a "delayed" result, allowing time for the background check to be completed.

Handgun Registration?

Do handguns need to be registered in New York?

Yes, all handguns need to be registered. There is no registration for long guns.

Minimum Age to Possess and Transport?

What is the minimum age to possess and transport a handgun in New York?

You must be 21 years old to possess or transport a handgun in New York state.

[NY Pen. Law § 400.00(1)(a)]

Carry While Hunting

Carry While Gun Hunting?

Can you concealed carry while shotgun/rifle hunting in New York?

Yes, with a New York Pistol License.

Carry While Bow Hunting?

Can you concealed carry while bowhunting in New York?

No. While bowhunting during a special bow season, you may not possess a firearm of any description.

[N.Y Dept of Environmetnal Conservation Hunting Regulations]

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State Constitutional Provision
A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms cannot be infringed. -Article 2, Section 4 of the New York Civil Rights Law"

New York Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does New York honor?

New York will not honor any other states’ concealed carry licenses. The one exception are pistol licenses from New York City, which are valid statewide.

Other States' Reciprocity With New York

Which states honor permits from New York?

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.

States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with New York

Alabama (New York City permits not recognized)
Michigan (resident permits only)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kentucky (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (if at least 21 years old)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
South Dakota (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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New York Concealed Carry Permit Information


An applicant must:

  • Be 21 years of age or older except there is no minimum age for honorably discharged members of the U.S. military;
  • Be a U.S. citizen or legal resident;
  • Not have been admitted to the United States under a non-immigrant visa;
  • Be of good moral character;
  • Show proper cause exists for the issuance of a carry license, including, for example, target shooting, hunting or self-defense;
  • Reside or maintain a principal place of business within the county in which the application is filed;
  • Some counties may require successful completion of a firearms safety course;
  • Not have been convicted anywhere of a felony or a serious offense;
  • Not be a fugitive from justice;
  • Not be subject to a protective court order;
  • Not be an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance as defined in section 21 U.S.C. 802;
  • Be free from any mental disorders, defects or diseases that would impair his or her ability to safely possess or use a firearm;
  • Not have had a license revoked or not be under a suspension or ineligibility order;
  • Not have been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence;
  • Not have been involuntarily committed to a facility under the jurisdiction of an office of the department of mental hygiene;
  • In the county of Westchester, have successfully completed a firearms safety course and test as evidenced by a certificate of completion issued in his or her name and endorsed and affirmed under the penalties of perjury by a duly authorized instructor;
  • Not have had a guardian appointed for him or her pursuant to any provision of state law, based on a determination that as a result of marked subnormal intelligence, mental illness, incapacity, condition or disease, he or she lacks the mental capacity to contract or manage his or her own affairs;
  • Not have good cause that exists for the denial of the license; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.

Initial License $20

Recertifications $10, varies by county

Valid For:

NYPL's never expire, however, there is a recertification process that must be completed every 5 years.

Processing Time:

6 months (varies greatly depending on the county)

Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

Part-time NY State residents or anyone who is principally employed or has his principal place of business can apply to the licensing officer where such place of business is located. The process is the same as for residents.

Name/Address Changes:

Complete an Address/Employment Change Report within 10 days. Submit the form along with a recent utility bill for the current address. Failure to report an address change within 10 days may result in the suspension/revocation of your license. Take the documents to:

License Division— Renewal Unit Rm 152
One Police Plaza
New York, N.Y. 10038

Lost/Stolen Permits:

If your license is stolen, you must immediately report such information to the precinct of occurrence or local police agency where the theft occurred and obtain a complaint number. If your license has been lost, stolen or mutilated, you must notify the Pistol Licensing Bureau immediately after notifying the appropriate authorities as indicated above, and respond to the office for a replacement license. You will be required to submit a $5.00 check or money order for a replacement license.

New York Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a New York Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Take a handgun safety course, if required.

Step 2:

Download the state application and the form for your county.

Step 3:

Complete the forms. You will need four character references.

Step 4:

Have passport-style photographs taken. You will need two photos.

Step 5:

Go to your county sheriff or courthouse to submit your application. You will be fingerprinted.

Step 6:

You will undergo various background checks by New York State and the FBI, and will be interviewed by local police.

Step 7:

Your application is then submitted to one of the licensing judges, police commissioner or sheriff for consideration.

Step 8:

You will be notified by mail of your approval or denial.

If approved, you can then purchase and/or co-register a handgun.

New York State has seven types of restricted pistol licenses available. The application process may differ depending on the type of license and the issuing county. As of July 16, 2019 Bill A7752 was passed resulting in NYPL 400(6) being amended to allow a licensee to transport their handguns and ammunition in separate locked containers, directly to another residence or place of business where the licensee is authorized to possess the handgun, to and from an authorized range, shooting competition or hunting location. Transport within NYC must be continuous and uninterrupted.

Premise Dwelling – Have and possess in his dwelling by a householder.
Premise Business – Have and possess in his place of business by a merchant or storekeeper.
Bank or Express Messenger – Have and carry concealed while so employed by a messenger employed by a banking institution or express company.
Justice of The Supreme Court 1st or 2nd Judicial Dept. or Judge of NYC Civil or Criminal Court – Have and carry concealed by a justice of the supreme court in the first or second judicial departments, or by a judge of the New York City civil court or the New York City criminal court.
Employee Of Corrections – Have and carry concealed while so employed by a regular employee of an institution of the state, or of any county, city, town or village, under control of a commissioner of correction of the city or any warden, superintendent or head keeper of any state prison, penitentiary, workhouse, county jail or other institution for the detention of persons convicted or accused of crime or held as witnesses in criminal cases, provided that application is made therefore by such commissioner, warden, superintendent or head keeper.
Proper Cause – Have and carry concealed, without regard to employment or place of possession, by any person when proper cause exists for the issuance thereof.
Antique Pistols – Have, possess, collect and carry antique pistols which are defined in section 400.00 subd. 2(i)(ii)(1)(2).
An unrestricted Pistol license may also be issued which will allow you to carry without restrictions anywhere it is legal to carry your registered handgun unless posted otherwise.

Check with your local authorities for regulations specific to your county.

Firearms Training Requirements in New York

New York does not generally require applicants for a license to carry a handgun to undergo firearms safety training. However, some counties may have requirements. The USCCA recommends that anyone who makes the choice to carry a concealed firearm obtain as much training as possible in order to be a responsibly armed American.

Find a USCCA Class Near You

Find a Shooting Range in New York

New York Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a New York Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

The pistol permit recertification provision of the SAFE Act was passed by the Legislature and signed into law by the Governor in 2013. Its goal is to strengthen and improve the accuracy of recordkeeping at both the state and local levels. Letters were sent to permit holders over a year ago, reminding them of the January 31, 2018 deadline and additional reminders have been made public through the press and social media.

The State Police are now working to process all recertifications and update its database. This process is expected to take between 9-12 months, after which, local licensing authorities will be provided with the updated, accurate licensing information. As ‎the goal is compliance, the State Police will not take criminal enforcement action ‎against individuals who have unknowingly failed to recertify, instead they will continue to accept recertifications‎ throughout 2018.

If you currently have a New York City, Nassau County, Suffolk County or Westchester County permit, you must follow the requirements that are in place in your county, rather than use the New York State recertification system.

Step 2:

Applications can be submitted in two ways: online or on paper. Download a recertification form and instructions or pick them up from any New York State Police location.

Out of state residents who do not possess either a New York State Driver License or a Non-Driver Identification Card must use the paper form to recertify and must attach a copy of their driver's license or non-driver identification card from their state of issuance.

Step 3:

Complete the form with your updated contact information.

Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

RLEOs who are residents of New York and have been issued retired credentials in accordance with LEOSA may be qualified by a state-certified LEOSA instructor. Residents can check with their County Sheriff’s office regarding firearms qualification as several counties provide this service.

The Dutchess County Sheriff’s Office offers RLEO qualification. Requirements include:

  • A copy of valid NEW YORK STATE Pistol Permit or a current LEOSA HR 218 card;
  • A copy of a current “retired” Peace / Police Officer ID card from your former department; and
  • An original, notarized affidavit; to be notarized prior to arriving at the range. 

Rockland County also offers LEOSA firearms qualification.

New York Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in New York?
  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license? No. It is illegal to possess a loaded firearm in any motor vehicle without a valid NYPL. It is legal to transport a legal firearm through New York under Federal interstate transportation law 18 USC § 926A provided the handgun is unloaded, with neither the firearm nor any ammunition readily accessible from the passenger compartment. In the case of a vehicle without a compartment separate from the driver’s compartment, the firearm or ammunition shall be contained in a locked container other than the glove compartment or console. If you don't have a NYPL and happen to stop at a motel overnight, then you are in violation of the law and subject to arrest if found with a firearm. You are not permitted to stop in NYC.
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? No.
  • Carry in state/national parks, state/national forests, and WMAs? No.
  • Carry in Forestry Lands owned by State University of New York College of environmental science and forestry? Yes.
  • Carry in places of worship? There is no State statute prohibiting concealed carry in places of worship. However, since places of worship are private property, they may post signs prohibiting firearms.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in New York?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license

FAQ: New York Concealed Carry Questions

What Are the Knife Laws in New York?

It is legal to open or conceal carry any legal knife. It is illegal to own a gravity knife, switchblade, pilum ballistic knife, cane sword, any knife adapted for use primarily as a weapon or metal knuckle knife in New York. While it is legal to own a dirk, dagger or stiletto, it is illegal to carry them with the intent of unlawful use against another. New York City has its own laws, one of which is that any knife that can be opened by a flick of a wrist is illegal in New York City.

New York Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details

Updated info regarding extended background check periods in At A Glance table


Added Carry While Hunting info to At A Glance table


Update info regarding whether there is Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry in At A Glance table due to the Governor's signing of A07739


Updated Red Flag law info in At A Glance table


Added anchor links to various sections below the Summary


Updated the waiting period info in the At A Glance table based on the signing of Bill A02690


Added minimum age to possess and transport a handgun to At A Glance table


Updated NYPL firearm transport info in Permit Application Process table


Added stun gun/Taser info to At A Glance table


Links checked


Added Statue of Liberty to Where Can't I Carry section


Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)


Info about new Red Flag Law added in the At A Glance table.


Added info to vehicle carry in At A Glance table


Added pages for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology


Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table


Added red flag law info to At A Glance table


Added church info to location restrictions section


Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication


Based on a member's note, the unrestricted pistol permit info was added to the permit section (thanks!)


Mag limit added to At A Glance table


Added preemption info to At A Glance table


Added parking lot info to At A Glance table


Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for New York

Did We Miss Something?

Here at the USCCA, it is our mission to provide responsible gun owners with the tools they need to be educated, trained and legally protected at all times. Our team is constantly working to provide you with the most up-to-date and comprehensive list of self-defense laws available for every state.

If you have any questions that you don’t see answered here — let us know! Just email and we will be sure to get your question resolved. Your feedback matters to us, and we appreciate you helping to make this page the best possible resource for responsible gun owners!

Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, “Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018.” Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. Members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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