State Seal of /application/themes/uscca/images/state_seals/mn.png

Minnesota Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Updated: 04/18/2019
Carry allowed with my Minnesota permit?
Yes
Yes, With Restrictions
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
No

Summary of Minnesota Gun Laws

Minnesota gun laws operate on a shall-issue policy. Permits are issued at the local level by the Sheriff's office in the applicant's county of residence.

There is no permit, background check or firearm registration required when buying a handgun from a private individual.

Open carry is legal with a Minnesota permit to carry or a permit/license from a state that Minnesota honors. There is no stipulation in the law regarding whether that weapon must be concealed. A permit to carry constitutes a permit to purchase.

Applicants for a Minnesota Permit to Carry a Pistol (PCP) must be at least 21 years old and complete a firearms training course. Resident and non-resident permits are available.  Non-residents can apply at any sheriff's office. Permits are not required for transporting a firearm, keeping it at home or keeping it in a place of business. 

In terms of self-defense, Minnesota law imposes a duty to retreat, which means that if a person feels threatened, he or she may only use deadly force as a last resort. However, Minnesota is a Castle Doctrine state and applies when a person is resisting or preventing an offense which the individual reasonably believes exposes the person or another to great bodily harm or death, or when preventing the commission of a felony in the person's place of abode. There is no duty to retreat before using deadly force to prevent a felony in one's place of abode or in self-defense in one's place of abode. This isn't as clear as it appears, however. There are four cases in Minnesota where duty of retreat was upheld. In terms of reciprocity, Minnesota honors permits from states that have handgun carry permit laws that are similar to Minnesota’s law. 

There is no provision for the right to keep and bear arms as it pertains to concealed carry in the Minnesota Constitution.

285k
Permits Issued
5.6M
State Population
5.08%
Permit Percentage
15
States Honored
30
Reciprocating States
21
Minimum Age to CC

Minnesota Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does Minnesota allow constitutional carry?

No.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in Minnesota?

Yes, only with a Minnesota license to carry or a permit from a state Minnesota recognizes. [Minn. Stat. § 624.714 Subd. 1a]

Gun Permit Licensure?

If Minnesota requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

Shall issue. [Minn. Stat. § 624.714]

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in Minnesota to get a concealed carry permit?

21

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you carry weapons other than handguns in Minnesota with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

No.

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does Minnesota issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does Minnesota allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No, however the information is available for law enforcement.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in Minnesota?

Yes, with a concealed carry permit. Otherwise it must be unloaded and either in the closed trunk or in a closed and fastened case, gunbox or securely tied package. [Minn. Stat. § 624.714 Subd. 9(5) and Minn. Stat. § 97B.045]

Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in Minnesota?

A loaded handgun may be carried only with a concealed carry permit. [Minn. Stat. § 97B.045]

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in Minnesota?

No. [Minn. Stat. § 624.714, 6100.0800 Subd. 1 MN Admin Rules, and 6100.3600 MN Admin Rules]

Firearms on state park or forest lands must be unloaded and cased and bows unstrung when in, or within 200 feet of, any campground, picnic area, beach, parking lot, interpretive site or trailhead.

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in Minnesota?

Yes, unless posted and provided you are not under the influence ("under the influence" is defined as >0.04 blood alcohol level).

Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does Minnesota have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

An employer or a postsecondary institution may not prohibit the lawful carry or possession of firearms in a parking facility or parking area.

[Minn. Stat. § 624.714 Subd. 18.]

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in Minnesota?

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does Minnesota have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No.

Ammunition Restrictions?

Does Minnesota have ammunition restrictions?

No.

"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in Minnesota? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No. It is considered a petty misdemeanor if a reasonable request is made that firearms not be brought into the establishment or if a conspicuous sign is prominently posted at every entrance and there is a refusal to leave. [Minn. Stat. § 624.714 Subd.17(a)]

Preemption?

Does Minnesota have [preemption laws](https://www.usconcealedcarry.com/resources/terminology/firearms-and-ammunition/preemption) related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes. There is full state preemption of all gun laws, except that local governments may regulate the discharge of firearms. In addition, according to statue, a person may sue a government official personally, and seek damages and attorney fees, for allegedly violating the state’s preemption statute. [Minn. Stat. § 471.633, Minn. Stat. § 624.717]

[nn. Stat. § 624.7192(e)]
Red Flag Law?

Does Minnesota have a red flag law?

No.


STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION
The right of any person to keep or bear arms in defense of his own home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall not be called in question, but nothing herein contained shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. -Article 2, Section 12"
Minnesota has no State Constitutional right to keep and bear arms.

Minnesota Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does Minnesota honor?

Delaware (at least 21 years old)
Idaho (Enhanced permits only)
New Mexico (at least 21 years old)
North Dakota (Class 1 permits only and at least 21 years old)
South Dakota (Enhanced permits only and at least 21 years old)
West Virginia (Regular [not provisional] permits only)

Under Minnesota law, the Department of Public Safety (DPS) is required to publish a list of states which have handgun carry permit laws that are not similar to Minnesota’s permit-to-carry law. [624.714 Subd. 16].   All state permits not on this list are valid if the permit holder is not prohibited from possessing a firearm.
 


Other States' Reciprocity With Minnesota

Which states honor permits from Minnesota?

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.


States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with Minnesota

Which states honor permits from Minnesota with restrictions?

Michigan (resident permits only)
South Carolina (resident permits only)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (if at least 21 years old)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit Information

Requirements:

An applicant must:

  • Be at least 21 years of age;
  • Complete an application form;
  • Not be prohibited from possessing a firearm under Minnesota law;
  • Not be listed in the criminal gang investigation system;
  • Be a resident of the county from which he or she is requesting a permit, if he or she resides in Minnesota (non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff.);
  • Provide certificate of completed authorized firearms training; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.
Fees:

$100 for new permits; $75-$85 for renewals

Valid For:

5 years

Processing Time:

30 days

Application:

Link to application

Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

Non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff by following the above-mentioned process.
 


Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Complete a firearms training course; must have been within 1 year of your application.

Step 2:

Download the application or pick one up from your county sheriff's office.

Step 3:

Submit the following documents to the sheriff's office for the county in which you reside (non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff):

  • Completed application form;
  • Photocopy of certificate from firearms course; and
  • Photocopy of your driver's license or state ID card or photo page of your passport.
Step 4:

You will be notified by mail if your application has been approved.

Under Minnesota law, individuals must obtain a permit to carry a handgun in public. There is no stipulation in the law regarding whether that weapon must be concealed. A permit to carry constitutes a permit to purchase. A permit to carry is valid for five years and authorizes unlimited purchases within that time period.


Firearms Training Requirements in Minnesota

Minnesota statutes require permit applicants to present evidence of having received training from a certified instructor in the safe use of a handgun within the past 1 year of an original application or renewal. Basic training must include:

The Minnesota Department of Public Safety maintains a list of certified firearms instructors. It is not available online.

Find A USCCA class near you


Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit


Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

Minnesota retired or separated officers have two options to qualify under LEOSA:

Links

LEOSA Qualifications form instructions
LEOSA qualification form


Minnesota Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Minnesota?

  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes, unless posted AND provided you are not under the influence.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license?  No.
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? Yes, with a permit.
  • Carry when traveling by private plane? Yes.
  • Carry in places of worship? There is no State statute prohibiting concealed carry in places of worship. However, since places of worship are private property, they may post signs prohibiting firearms.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Minnesota?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license

  • Public or private elementary, middle or secondary school building and grounds;
  • A child-care center while children are present;
  • School buses;
  • Portion of a building or facility under the temporary, exclusive control of a public or private school where signs are posted;
  • Public colleges and universities (may have policies restricting the carrying of weapons on their premises by employees and students while on campus);
  • Minnesota courts have ruled that a church may prohibit firearms from its property, including parking facilities and parking areas owned or operated by the church, and may notify its employees and the public in any manner it chooses;
  • Private establishments that have posted a sign banning guns on their premises;
  • Places of employment, public or private, if employer restricts the carry or possession of firearms by its employees;
  • Innkeepers may refuse to admit or refuse service or accommodations to any person the innkeeper reasonably believes is bringing firearms into the hotel;
  • Any public place when under the influence of alcohol, a controlled substance, or any combination thereof;
  • State parks, forest recreation areas, and wildlife management areas;
  • State correctional facilities;
  • State hospitals and grounds;
  • Any jail, lockup or correctional facility; and
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law or state law or regulation.

FAQ: Minnesota Concealed Carry Questions

Do firearms need to be registered in Minnesota?

No.

Is a permit required to purchase a gun in Minnesota?

Yes. Under Minnesota gun laws, handguns require a permit to purchase and to carry. In addition to a carrying permit, a transferee permit will allow an individual to legally purchase a gun. This alternative form requires an application process that takes 7 days to review and requires basic information as well as a common background check. All handguns purchased in Minnesota are documented in the state's system. Long guns purchased will be documented in the federal system. Minnesota gun laws also require a record of sale and a permit to conceal and carry such firearms.

Are background checks required for private gun sales in Minnesota?

No. It is recommended that you retain any sales receipts to prove ownership of the gun.

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a firearm in Minnesota?

No.

What are the knife laws in Minnesota?

Only switchblades are illegal. Knives with utility purposes are legal to carry. Knives that can be used as weapons are legal to carry as long as you do not have intent to harm others. It is illegal to recklessly use a knife that was designed to be a weapon. It is illegal to carry a knife that was designed to be a weapon (and not a tool) with the intent to harm others.

What should I do if my Minnesota concealed carry permit is lost, stolen or damaged?

The permit holder must notify the issuing sheriff’s office within 30 days of having lost or destroyed the permit card. Failure to do so is a petty misdemeanor. The permit holder may obtain a replacement permit card by paying $10 to the sheriff.

What are the laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication in MN?

Not while under the influence, per Minn. Stat. § 624.7142.
As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.


Related Information & Links for Minnesota Gun Laws


Minnesota Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details
04/18/2019

Links checked

04/08/2019

Corrected State & National park carry to no in At A Glance table and Where I Can't Carry sections

03/28/2019

Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)

02/15/2019

Added pages for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology

02/09/2019

Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table

02/06/2019

Added red flag law info to At A Glance table

01/25/2019

Added church info to location restrictions section

01/25/2019

Links checked

01/24/2019

Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication

01/10/2019

Mag limit added to At A Glance table

01/07/2019

Added reciprocity details for WV

12/13/2018

Added preemption info to At A Glance table

12/10/2018

Updated open carry info

11/30/2018

Added parking lot info to At A Glance table

10/22/2018

Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for Minnesota


Did We Miss Something?

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Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, "Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018”. Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case, and laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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