State Seal of /application/themes/uscca/images/state_seals/md.png

Maryland Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Updated: 05/01/2019
Carry allowed with my Maryland permit?
Yes
Yes, With Restrictions
Yes, Permitless Carry
Yes, Selected State
No

Summary of Maryland Gun Laws

Maryland is a may-issue state with concealed weapons permits issued at the state level by the state police.

A permit to purchase, a background check and firearms registration are required to buy a handgun from a private individual. Private firearms sellers must process transfers of handguns and assault weapons through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, who then conducts a background check. In addition, Maryland has established a handgun roster that, subject to limited exceptions, lists the only handguns that dealers or any private sellers are allowed to sell in the state.

Open and concealed carry are legal in Maryland only for Maryland Wear/Carry Handgun Permit (WCHP) holders. In order to obtain a WCHP, applicants must be at least 21 years old and must show a good and substantial reason to carry a handgun. WCHPs require a state-approved 16-hour firearms training course that includes live-fire training. An additional eight hours of training is required at each WCHP renewal. Permits are issued to residents and non-residents. Some areas are off-limits, including rest areas and state parks. In terms of reciprocity,  Maryland does not honor permits from any other states.

Maryland is a Castle Doctrine state. In Maryland, deadly force is only legal when defending one's self from the immediate threat of serious injury or death. A person must have reasonable grounds to believe himself or herself in apparent imminent or immediate danger of death or serious bodily harm from his or her assailant or potential assailant; must have in fact believed himself or herself in this danger; must not have been the aggressor or provoked the conflict; and the force used must have not been unreasonable and excessive, that is, the force must not have been more force than the exigency demanded. There is no duty to retreat inside one's home.

21k
Permits Issued
6M
State Population
0.34%
Permit Percentage
0
States Honored
26
Reciprocating States
21
Minimum Age to CC

Maryland Gun Laws at a Glance

Open Carry/ Concealed Carry Basics

Constitutional Carry?

Does Maryland allow constitutional carry?

No.

Open Carry Permitted?

Is open carry permitted in Maryland?

Yes, with a permit.

Gun Permit Licensure?

If Maryland requires a permit to carry a concealed firearm, how are those permits issued?

May issue.

Minimum Age for Concealed Carry?

What is the minimum age in Maryland to get a concealed carry permit?

21. However, individuals between 18 and 21 years old can apply for a permit that is required for employment purposes.

Weapons Other Than Handguns Allowed?

Can you conceal carry weapons other than handguns in Maryland with a concealed carry permit (or under permitless carry if applicable)?

No.

Non-Resident Permitting?

Does Maryland issue concealed carry permits to non-residents?

Yes.

Public Access to Concealed Carry Registry?

Does Maryland allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No.

Carry Locations

Carry in Vehicle?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in a vehicle in Maryland?

Only with a Maryland WCHP. Without a permit, Maryland has restrictions for legal transport of firearms within/through Maryland. Handguns can only be transported between residences, to and from a repair shop, a shooting sporting event, or between a residence and place of business if substantially owned and operated by the person. For interstate transportation, firearms must be unloaded and in an enclosed case or enclosed holster with neither the firearm nor any ammunition readily accessible or directly accessible from the passenger compartment. In the case the vehicle does not have a compartment separate from the driver's compartment, the firearm or ammunition shall be contained in a locked compartment other than the glove compartment or console.

[Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-203(b)(2)]
Carry at Roadside Rest Areas?

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in Maryland?

No. The display of firearms is prohibited. [Md. Admin. Code § 11.04.07.12

Carry in State/National Parks, State/National Forests and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs)?

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forests and Wildlife Management Areas in Maryland?

No for state/national parks and state/national forests. [Md. Admin. Code § 08.01.07.14, Md. Admin. Code § 08.07.06.04

Yes for WMAs. [Md. Admin. Code § 10-408(d)]
 

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol?

Can you carry a firearm in restaurants that serve alcohol in Maryland?

Yes, but not if posted, provided you are not under the influence.

Store in a Vehicle in an Employee Parking Lot?

Does Maryland have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

Not addressed in Maryland state law.

Additional Related State Laws

Must Notify Officer You're Carrying?

Are you required to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in Maryland?

No.

Magazine Limits for Handguns?

Does Maryland have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

A person may not manufacture, sell, offer for sale, purchase, receive, or transfer a detachable magazine that has a capacity of more than 10 rounds of ammunition for a firearm.

There is an exemption for .22 caliber rifles with a tubular magazines and for law enforcement officers (LEOs) or retired LEOs.

[Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-305]
Ammunition Restrictions?

Does Maryland have ammunition restrictions?

No.

"No Weapons Allowed" Signs Enforced?

Are "No Weapons Allowed" signs enforced in Maryland? If yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

No. Not mentioned in state statutes.

Preemption?

Does Maryland have [preemption laws](https://www.usconcealedcarry.com/resources/terminology/firearms-and-ammunition/preemption) related to concealed carry (i.e. Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes.  There is full state preemption of all gun laws except municipalities may regulate firearms and ammunition in, or within 100 yards of, a park, church, school, public building and other place of public assembly. [Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-209]

Red Flag Law?

Does Maryland have a red flag law?

Yes. A variety of people, including family members, cohabitants, medical professionals and law enforcement are allowed to petition for an order to surrender to law enforcement authorities any firearm and ammunition in the respondent’s possession; and prohibit the respondent from purchasing or possessing any firearm or ammunition for the duration of the interim extreme risk protective order.

[Md. Code Ann., Pub. Safety § 5-601(E)(2)]

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION
That all Government of right originates from the People, is founded in compact only, and instituted solely for the good of the whole; and they have, at all times, the inalienable right to alter, reform or abolish their Form of Government in such manner as they may deem expedient. -Article 1, Section 1"
Maryland has no constitutional provision granting a right to bear arms.

Maryland Concealed Carry Reciprocity With Other States

Which states' permits does Maryland honor?

Maryland does not honor any other states’ permits/licences.
 


Other States' Reciprocity With Maryland

Which states honor permits from Maryland?

Note: Firearms must be carried in accordance with the laws of the state you are visiting. Be sure to check the laws of the other state before traveling there with your firearms.


States That Have Restricted Reciprocity with Maryland

Which states honor permits from Maryland with restrictions?

Idaho (at least 21 years old)
Iowa (at least 21 years old)
Kentucky (at least 21 years old)
Michigan (resident permits only and at least 21 years old)
North Carolina (at least 21 years old)
Ohio (at least 21 years old)
Oklahoma (at least 21 years old)
Tennessee (at least 21 years old)
Texas (at least 21 years old)
Utah (at least 21 years old)
Virginia (at least 21 years old)
Wisconsin (at least 21 years old)

Permitless Carry States

Anyone who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed in permitless carry states without a permit/license. Check each state’s page for more information and any restrictions that may apply.

Alaska (if at least 21 years old)
Arizona (if at least 21 years old)
Arkansas (if at least 21 years old)
Kansas (if at least 21 years old)
Maine (if at least 21 years old)
Mississippi (if at least 21 years old)
Missouri (if at least 19 years old)
New Hampshire (if at least 18 years old)
Vermont (if at least 18 years old)
West Virginia (if at least 21 years old)

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Maryland Concealed Carry Permit Information

Requirements:

An applicant must:

  • Be at least 18 years old (an applicant between 18 and 21 years of age may only be issued a wear and carry permit to possess a regulated firearm required for employment);
  • Be a citizen of the United States or legal resident alien;
  • Not have been convicted of a felony or of a crime punishable by imprisonment for more than 1 year;
  • Not have been convicted of a violent crime, including domestic violence;
  • Not be subject to a restraining order or other similar court order;
  • Not have been committed within the previous 10 years to any juvenile detention center for longer than 1 year;
  • Not be a drug addict, habitual drunkard, an unlawful user of any controlled substance, or determined to be of unsound mind;
  • Not have a mental illness;
  • Not have received voluntary or involuntary treatment in a psychiatric hospital, mental institution, or similar treatment facility for any reason;
  • Not, based on the results of investigation, exhibit a propensity for violence or instability;
  • Not be a fugitive from justice;
  • Not have been dishonorably discharged from the Armed Forces;
  • Not be subject to a firearms seizure order;
  • Show good cause as to why he or she needs a firearm; and
  • Meet federal law requirements.
Fees:

Initial Permit $75

Renewal  $50

Duplicate/Modification $10.00

Valid For:

Initial permits expire on the last day of the holder’s birth month following 2 years after the date the permit is issued and may be renewed for successive periods of 3 years each. 

Processing Time:

90 days

Application:

Link to application

Non-Resident Concealed Carry Permits:

Maryland will grant permits to non-residents. Non-residents use the same process as residents.

Name/Address Changes:

You must notify the Licensing Division of address changes, in writing, within 30 days of any change. You must mail this change to:

Maryland State Police
Licensing Division
1111 Reisterstown Road
Pikesville, MD 21208
ATTN: Handgun Permit Unit

Lost/Stolen Permits:

You must submit a notarized letter advising the circumstances surrounding the disappearance of the permit. Submit a $10 check or money order and one passport-sized photograph taken within the last 30 days. If you are a security guard, private detective, armored car guard or special police officer, also provide a company letter from your current employer verifying your employment.​


Maryland Concealed Carry Permit Application Process

How to Apply for a Maryland Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

Complete a state-approved firearm training course; 16 hours are required.

Step 2:

Get fingerprints taken at an Electronic Fingerprint Processing Center authorized by the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services.

Step 3:

Download the application form.  They intend to have online applications in early 2019.

Step 4:

Complete and print the application. Send the completed application, along with the following items, to the address listed below:

  • A copy of your firearms training certificate. Some departments accept copies, others require the original certificate;
  • 2 passport style color photographs of yourself from the past 30 days; 
  • The electronic fingerprint transmission receipt from step 2 above; and
  • Application fee: A check or money order for $75 made payable to the “Maryland State Police“.

Maryland State Police
Licensing Division
1111 Reisterstown Road
Pikesville, MD 21208
ATTN: Handgun Permit Unit

Step 5:

You will be notified by mail within 90 days whether your application has been approved or denied.


Firearms Training Requirements in Maryland

To qualify for a handgun permit, applicants must successfully complete, prior to application and each renewal, a firearms training course approved by the Secretary of State Police that includes:

The training includes classroom instruction on state firearms law, home firearms safety and handgun mechanisms and operation. A firearms qualification component is also required that demonstrates the applicant’s proficiency and use of the firearm with a minimum score of 70% accuracy. There are training exemptions for law enforcement officers, members of the military and qualified handgun instructors.

Find A USCCA class near you


Maryland Concealed Carry Permit Renewal Process

How to Renew a Maryland Concealed Carry Permit

Step 1:

A handgun permit may be renewed for successive periods of 3 years each. The renewal process should be started no less than 90 business days from expiration of the permit. If the Licensing Division does not receive the renewal application, satisfactorily completed, by the expiration date, the applicant must begin as a new applicant and complete all requirements necessary for an initial application.

Step 2:

Complete an 8 hour firearms training course within 2 years of submitting your renewal application.
 

Step 3:

Download the application form

Step 4:

Complete and print the application. Send the completed application, along with the following items, to the address listed below:

  • A copy of your firearms training certificate. Some departments accept copies, others require the original certificate;
  • 2 passport style color photographs of yourself from the past 30 days; and
  • Application fee: A check or money order made payable to the “Maryland State Police“.

Maryland State Police
Licensing Division
1111 Reisterstown Road
Pikesville, MD 21208
ATTN: Handgun Permit Unit

Step 5:

You will be notified by mail within 90 days whether your application has been approved or denied.


Law Enforcement Officers (LEO)/Retired LEOs

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) and Retired LEOs (RLEOs) may choose to carry under the Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), often referred to as HR 218. Under 18 U.S. Code §§ 926B & 926C, qualified LEOs and qualified retired LEOs, or those separated from service in good standing, can carry a concealed firearm in any jurisdiction in the United States, regardless of state or local laws, with some exceptions. For details check out our Federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA) page.

LEOs and RLEOs are exempt from the Maryland prohibition on purchasing high-capacity magazines. Active and retired Maryland and Federal LEOs are not required to obtain a handgun qualification license (HQL) to purchase a handgun. However, out-of-state retired and active LEOs living in Maryland must obtain an HQL but are exempt from the training requirements. The MD Police and Correctional Training Commissions issues firearm certifications to Maryland residents whom they train. RLEOS must have a retired/separated LEO ID card. The New LEOSA Training Packet has details.   

The Maryland Department of State Police only provides an identification card to carry a concealed handgun to State of Maryland qualified separated law enforcement officers who have separated from the Maryland Department of State Police. 


Maryland Location Restrictions

Where Can I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Maryland?

  • Carry in restaurants that serve alcohol? Yes.
  • Carry in my vehicle without a permit/license? No.
  • Carry in roadside rest areas? No.
  • Carry in WMAs? Yes.
  • Carry in places of worship? There is no State statute prohibiting concealed carry in places of worship. However, since places of worship are private property, they may post signs prohibiting firearms.
Where Can't I Carry a Concealed Firearm in Maryland?

Places off-limits even with a permit/license


FAQ: Maryland Concealed Carry Questions

Do firearms need to be registered in Maryland?

Yes, for handguns.

Is a permit required to purchase a gun in Maryland?

Yes, for handguns.

Are background checks required for private gun sales in Maryland?

Yes. All private transfers of handguns and assault weapons must be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, which must conduct a background check on the buyer.

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a firearm in Maryland?

Yes. Seven days for handguns and assault weapons.

What are the knife laws in Maryland?

There are no limitations on the types of knives you can own in Maryland. You cannot conceal carry a throwing star, dirk, switchblade, gravity knife or bowie knife. You can not open carry a throwing star, dirk, switchblade, gravity knife or bowie knife with the intent to harm someone. All knives are banned from Maryland schools.

What are the laws regarding carrying a firearm while using alcohol or prescription medication in MD?

Not while under the influence, per Md. Admin. Code §5–314.
As a responsibly armed American, regardless of the laws in your state, it is unwise to carry while under the influence of any substance that could impair your judgement, slow your reaction times, or impact your decision-making abilities. Any decision you make while carrying a firearm could have life-altering consequences.


Related Information & Links for Maryland Gun Laws


Maryland Gun Laws Updates:

Date Details
05/01/2019

Added permit renewal and name/address change info

04/18/2019

Links checked

03/28/2019

Added info on state implementation of Law Enforcement Officer Safety Act (LEOSA)

03/06/2019

Clarified high capacity magazine limitations in the At A Glance table per info from a member (thanks!)

02/20/2019

Added info and a link to vehicle carry in At A Glance table

02/15/2019

Added pages on https://www.usconcealedcarry.com/resources/ for Federal Gun Laws, Traveling with Firearms & Terminology

02/09/2019

Added ammunition restrictions to At A Glance table

01/25/2019

Added church info to location restrictions section

01/25/2019

Links checked

01/24/2019

Added FAQ about alcohol or prescription medication

01/10/2019

Mag limit added to At A Glance table

12/13/2018

Added preemption info to At A Glance table

11/30/2018

Added parking lot info to At A Glance table

11/26/2018

Added links

10/22/2018

Added initial CCW law and reciprocity information for Maryland


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Permit numbers were obtained from the Crime Prevention Resource Center’s publication entitled, "Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2018.” Numbers include resident and non-resident permits for those states that issue both.

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. Members and the concealed carry community, and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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