Carrying a firearm for self-defense comes with a lot of responsibility. Knowing the laws where you carry is just one important task you must undertake as an armed American. To help with that, we will be providing you with a summary of basic carry laws for several states. Learn about the most important things to know when carrying in Montana, Big Sky Country, below.

Getting a Permit in Montana

Open carry is legal in Montana without a permit for anyone who is at least 18 years old and who can legally own a firearm. Concealed carry is legal without a permit for anyone at least 18 years old that can legally own a firearm in most locations. An applicant for a Montana Concealed Weapons Permit (MCWP) must demonstrate “familiarity with a firearm.” Montana does not issue permits to non-residents. In terms of reciprocity, Montana recognizes permits from states that require criminal records background checks. In addition, pepper spray, stun guns and Tasers are legal to purchase and possess without a permit.

No permit is needed to purchase a firearm from a private individual. There is no waiting period and no firearms registration in the state. Background checks are not required for private sales. Background checks are required for anyone without a Montana Concealed Weapons Permit when purchasing a handgun from a Federal Firearms Dealer. There is no requirement to inform law enforcement that you are carrying a firearm in Montana.

Locations where permit holders may carry a concealed handgun include:

  • In a vehicle, with or without a permit
  • Roadside rest areas
  • State/national parks, with or without a permit
  • State/national forests, with or without a permit
  • Wildlife Management Areas, with or without a permit
  • Places of worship, unless posted

Locations where carry is prohibited, even for permit holders, include:

  • Portions of a building used for state or local government offices and related areas in the building that have been restricted
  • School buildings
  • Correctional, detention, and treatment facilities
  • Secure treatment facilities operated by the department of public health and human services
  • Anywhere while under the influence of an intoxicating substance
  • Courtrooms or areas of courthouses in use by court personnel pursuant to an order of a justice of the peace or judge
  • State game preserves, unless in possession of a permit issued by the Director of Fish, Wildlife and Parks
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law

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The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. members and the concealed carry community and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and, as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.