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North Dakota Gun Laws: What You Should Know


As a responsibly armed American, you already know how challenging it can be to stay up to date on gun laws…

North Dakota gun owners, you’re in luck. We’ve gathered some of the most frequently asked firearms questions in your state. Read on for answers to some of the top questions regarding North Dakota gun laws. (Not from North Dakota? Check the Legal & Second Amendment tab for your state.)

Can You Carry a Gun in North Dakota? Do You Need a Permit to Carry a Gun in North Dakota?

Open carry of handguns is legal with a concealed carry permit for adults who have been residents for at least one year. Non-permit holders may carry from one hour before sunrise until one hour after sunset, provided the firearm is unloaded and in plain sight. The minimum age is 18. Non-residents must have a valid concealed carry license from a state that North Dakota honors in order to open carry. Some areas are off-limits, including bars.

Can You Carry a Concealed Firearm in North Dakota Without a Permit?

North Dakota has constitutional concealed carry for adults who have been residents for at least one year and are not prohibited by state or federal law from possessing a firearm. Carriers must have their drivers’ licenses or state IDs on them and must inform law enforcement that they are in possession of a firearm upon any in-person contact by an officer. Concealed carry is also legal for non-residents with permits from states that North Dakota recognizes. Restrictions on places that a firearm may be possessed still apply.

Can You Carry a Gun in Your Car in North Dakota?

Yes, an individual who has been a resident for at least one year with a valid driver’s license or state ID can carry a handgun in his or her car. Non-residents must have a concealed carry permit from a state that North Dakota honors.

How Old Do You Have to Be to Own a Handgun in North Dakota?

The minimum age to possess and transport a handgun in North Dakota is 18 years old. A person under the age of 18 may only possess a handgun while under the direct supervision of an adult for purposes of firearms safety training, target shooting or hunting.

What States Does North Dakota Have Reciprocity With?

North Dakota will honor valid concealed carry licenses/permits (resident and non-resident) issued by states that have agreed to recognize North Dakota’s licenses. North Dakota currently honors permits from 38 states, although that is subject to change. Visit the North Dakota gun laws page for up-to-date reciprocity information.

Is North Dakota a ‘Stand Your Ground’ State?

No. North Dakota has a self-defense law based on Castle Doctrine. A person who is inside his or her dwelling, place of work, occupied motorhome or travel trailer (or another individual who is privileged to be there) may use the force necessary and appropriate, including deadly force, to prevent the commission of arson, burglary, robbery or a felony involving violence. When outside of a person’s home or workplace and a person or someone else is threatened with death or serious bodily injury, deadly force cannot be used if it can be avoided. If possible, there is a duty to retreat to safety. North Dakota law provides immunity from civil liability for an individual who uses force as permitted by state law.

Can a Felon Own a Gun in North Dakota?

In North Dakota, a person who has been convicted anywhere of a felony offense involving violence or intimidation is prohibited from owning a firearm or having one in his or her possession for a period of 10 years from the date of conviction or the date of release from incarceration, parole or probation — whichever is latest. If an individual has been convicted anywhere of any other felony offense not included in the 10-year prohibition — or of a Class A Misdemeanor in North Dakota involving violence or intimidation (or equivalent offense in another state) and a firearm, dangerous weapon or destructive device, he or she is prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm for a five-year period. Additionally, federal law prohibits people from possessing firearms if they have been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of violence or have had a domestic violence restraining order against them.

Ready to Learn More About North Dakota Gun Laws?

It is your responsibility as a gun owner to know and understand the laws regarding your concealed carry rights. The USCCA’s Concealed Carry Reciprocity & Gun Laws Map has been designed to help inform and educate armed citizens like you. To learn more about North Dakota’s concealed carry permit application process, concealed carry restrictions and training requirements, visit the North Dakota gun laws page now…

The information contained on this website is provided as a service to USCCA, Inc. members and the concealed carry community and does not constitute legal advice. Although we attempt to address all areas of concealed carry laws in all states, we make no claims, representations, warranties, promises or guarantees as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information disclosed. Legal advice must always be tailored to the individual facts and circumstances of each individual case. Laws are constantly changing, and, as such, nothing contained on this website should be used as a substitute for the advice of a lawyer.

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